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Croatia

Key Info

The Republic of Croatia is one of the successor states of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Croatia is also a very popular tourist destination.

The Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska) lies on the border of Central Europe and South-Eastern Europe. Neighbouring countries include Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro.

Croatia is made up of the mainland (65%) and coastal areas. In total it covers an area of 90,000 km2. Croatia has a population of 4.5 million people and its capital city is Zagreb.

The currency used in Croatia is the Kuna (HRK). The Kuna is subdivided into 100 Lipa. British nationals need to have a valid passport to enter into Croatia. A visa is not needed for tourist stays (more detailed information can be found in the Travel Advice section of the UK Foreign Office website).

Croatia's constitutional tradition

Croatia is medium-sized European country with a rich history. Its constitutional tradition dates from the Medieval Croatian Kingdom (9th - 12th Centuries) up until the declaration of independence of the Republic of Croatia on 25 June 1991. The Republic of Croatia is defined as a single and indivisible democratic and social state in its Constitution. The Constitution references the historical roots of Croatian statehood.

State symbols

The national coat of arms, flag and anthem are all representative of the sovereignty of Croatia. The national coat of arms is composed of a red and white checkerboard pattern that consists of 25 fields. The stylised crown above the main shield is made up of 5 smaller shields with historical heraldry: the first is the oldest known Croatian coat of arms, next is the coat of arms of the Republic of Dubrovnik, then the coat of arms of Dalmatia, then the coat of arms of Istria and finally the coat of arms of Slavonia.

The national flag of Croatia consists of three horizontal stripes - red, white and blue. In the middle is the Croatian coat of arms. The red, white and blue stripes have used since the revolution in 1848.

The Croatian national anthem Lijepa naša domovino (our beautiful homeland) is based on the text of a poem by A. Mihanović and was most likely set to music in 1846 by J. Runjanin. Although it only became the national anthem in 1974, it has always played an important role for Croatian society.

Member of NATO and interest in the EU

Modern Croatia was in international isolation for a long time due to its bloody war. Following the death of President Tuđman (1990 - 1999), Croatia intensified its efforts to join international structures, namely the EU and NATO. Zagreb joined the North Atlantic Alliance on 1 May 2009.

Croatia submitted a formal application to join the EU in 2003 and the European Commission recommended it as an official candidate country the following year. Accession talks began in October 2005. The accession negotiations, scheduled for mid-2010, were blocked for a long time due to unresolved disputes with neighbouring Slovenia (eco-fishing zone, border and territory disputes, etc.).

The Republic of Croatia should become a Member State of the EU on 1 July 2013.

Development of the state

Historically, the Croatian lands have been the location of several civil, national, political and religious centres. When Europe was divided by the East-West Schism and the Islamic-Turkish Empire was approaching Croatian territory, Croatia sided with the Western world. For centuries, Croatia's Eastern border was the frontier used to defend the Christian world from the Turks (antemurale christianitatis). Thus Croatia was also able to protect its own political and cultural identity.

When Croatia became one of the constituent republics of Yugoslavia, it only had a limited ability to develop its statehood and democratic institutions. Today, the sovereign Republic of Croatia, which for the first time is a recognised democratic country, is an equal partner to other European countries and so it is once again able to play a unique role in facilitating dialogue between the so-called Western and Eastern worlds.

The population and religion

The ethnicity of the Republic of Croatia is relatively homogenous. The majority of the population is made up of Croats (78%), the next largest group is made up of people from former-Yugoslavian countries (Serbs, Bosnians, Slovenians), and next come the Italians and Hungarians.

As a result of several waves of emigration over a period from the 19th Century up until the present day, a large number of Croats now live outside of the Republic of Croatia. This emigration has always been chiefly due to social or political factors. The estimated number of Croatian emigrants living in Europe and around the world is around 4 million (including descendants).

Croats are predominantly Roman Catholic (approx. 77%), the second most widespread religion is Orthodox, and next come members of other Christian faiths and Islam.

The official language is Croatian, and a Latin script is used.

Tourism

Tourism is an important source of income for the Republic of Croatia. The most popular destinations are situated along the Adriatic coast in the regions of Istria, Kvarner, and Northern, Central and Southern Dalmatia. Croatia's many beautiful islands are also popular (Hvar, Brač, Korčula, and Krk among others).

Although inland Croatia is not as popular with tourists, it does have its own charms. The capital city of Zagreb with its rich history, the fertile agricultural region of Slavonia, and the Plitvice Lakes National Park are just a few of the attractions on offer in inland Croatia. There are also many historical towns, beautiful castles and traditional thermal spas to visit.

Our photographs on Panoramio

Interactive map of Croatia

Croatia - Regions

islands and rivieras

Croatia

slevy LAST
MINUTE

For holidays in Croatia in the season 2017 you will recieve a discount from 3 % to 5 % of the total price (Discount is valid until 28.2.2017).

Group discount » more

When ordering your holidays in Croatia by one person:

  • group of 8 – 11 persons
    discount 20 €
  • group of 12 – 15 persons
    discount 40 €
  • group of 16 – 20 persons
    discount 60 €
  • group of 21 – 25 persons
    discount 80 €
  • group of 26 – 30 persons
    discount 120 €
  • groups of more than 30 persons
    a discount agreement

Amount for the stay must be paid on one invoice
and will be issued only one voucher.

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